2013
HURRICANE
NAMES
SAFFIR-SIMPSON
HURRICANE SCALE

Andrea
Barry
Chantal
Dorian
Erin
Fernand
Gabrielle
Humberto
Ingrid
Jerry
Karen
Lorenzo
Melissa
Nestor
Olga
Pablo
Rebekah
Sebastien
Tanya
Van
Wendy

 

WEATHER WEBSITES:
NOAA
Accuweather

CATEGORY ONE
Winds 74-95 mph
(64-82 kt or 119-153km/hr)
Storm surge generally 4-5 ft above normal.

CATEGORY TWO
Winds 96-110 mph
(83-95 kt or 154-177 km/hr)
Storm surge generally 6-8 ft above normal.

CATEGORY THREE
Winds 111-130 mph
(96-113 kt or 178-209 km/hr)
Storm surge generally 9-12 ft above normal.

CATEGORY FOUR
Winds 131-155 mph
(114-135 kt or 210-249 km/hr)
Storm surge generally 13-18 ft above normal.

CATEGORY FIVE
Winds greater than 155 mph
(135 kt or 249 km/hr)
Storm surge generally greater than 18 ft above normal.

kt = knots
km = kilometers

 


 

NAMING HURRICANES

For several hundred years, hurricanes in the West Indies were often named after the particular saint’s day on which the hurricane occurred. For example "Hurricane San Felipe" struck Puerto Rico on 13 September 1876. Another storm struck Puerto Rico on the same day in 1928, and this storm was named "Hurricane San Felipe the second." Later, latitude-longitude positions were used. However, experience has shown that using distinctive names in communications is quicker and less subject to error than the cumbersome latitude longitude identification methods.

Using women’s names became the practice during World War II, following the use of a woman’s name for a storm in the 1941 novel "Storm" by George R. Stewart. In 1951 the United States adopted a confusing plan to name storms by a phonetic alphabet (Able, Baker, Charlie), and in 1953 the nation’s weather services returned to using female names. The practice of using female names exclusively ended in 1978 when names from both genders were used to designate storms in the eastern Pacific. A year later, male and female names were included in lists for the Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. The name lists, which have been agreed upon at international meetings of the World Meteorological Organization, have a French, Spanish, Dutch, and English flavor because hurricanes affect other nations and are tracked by the public and weather services of many countries.

The Tropical Prediction Center in Miami, FL keeps a constant watch on oceanic storm-breeding grounds. Once a system with counterclockwise circulation and wind speeds of 39 mph or greater is identified, the Center gives the storm a name from the list for the current year. The letters Q, U, X, Y, and Z are not included because of the scarcity of names beginning with those letters. Names associated with storms that have caused significant death and/or damage are usually retired from the list.

There are six lists that continue to rotate. The lists only change when there is a hurricane that is so devastating, the name is retired and another hurricane name replaces it. The 2013 hurricane name list is the same as the 2007 hurricane name list with the exception of three names that were devastating hurricanes in 2007 and thus retired. Dean was replaced by Dorian, Felix was replaced by Fernand, and Noel was replaced by Nestor.


Satellite view of hurricane in the Caribbean.